Faculty & Staff

Winifred Creamer

Ph.D. Tulane 1983, Professor, Presidential Research Professor

Since 2002, Professor Creamer has been a director of the Proyecto Arqueologico Norte Chico (PANC), an investigation on the development of monumental architecture and social complexity in ancient Peru. In 2007, the project continues with excavation of residential structures at a site in the Fortaleza Valley. Undergraduate and graduate students from NIU, other universities in the US, and Peruvian students take part in the project. The other directors of the project are Jonathan Haas (Field Museum) and Alvaro Ruiz (PANC, NIU).

In addition, Professor Creamer maintains her interest in culture contact and the period of transition from prehistory to history in the New World, focusing on the impact of European expansion on the Pueblo people of New Mexico.

She has also carried out field research in Central America (Costa Rica, Panama, Honduras, Belize) and in the American Southwest (New Mexico, Arizona). Fulbright postdoctoral fellowships have taken me to Honduras (1985-86) and Peru (2004).


  • ANTH 102 Rise of Civilization
  • ANTH 210 Exploring Archaeology
  • ANTH 303 North American Indians
  • ANTH 414 Archaeology of Mesoamerica
  • ANTH 415 Archaeology of the Southwest
  • ANTH 417 Archaeology of South America
  • ANTH 418 Archaeological Method and Theory
  • ANTH 690c Guns, Germs and Steel: Perspectives on Cultural Evolution

Selected Publications

The Crucible of Andean Civilization. Current Anthropology. With CA comment. (with Jonathan Haas).

Power and the Emergence of Complex Polities in the Peruvian Preceramic
. In Foundations of Power in the Prehispanic Andes, edited by Kevin Vaughn, Dennis Ogburn and Christina Conlee, pp. 37-52. Archaeological Papers of the American Anthropological Association 14. [2004]. (with Jonathan Haas and Alvaro Ruiz).

Dating the Late Archaic occupation of the Norte Chico Region of Peru. Nature 432:1020-1023. (with Jonathan Haas and Alvaro Ruiz).

The Late Archaic in Andean Prehistory:3000-1800 BC. In Andean Archaeology, edited by Helaine Silverman, pp.35-50. Blackwell Global Archaeology Series. Blackwell Publishers, Oxford. (with Jonathan Haas and Alvaro Ruiz).

Dating Caral, A Preceramic Site in the Supe Valley on the Central Coast of Peru. (with Jonathan Haas and Ruth Shady S.) Science 292:723-726, April 27, 2001.

The Origins of Centralization: Changing Features of Local and Regional Control During the Rio Grande Classic Period, A.D. 1325-1540. In Leaders to Rulers, edited by Jonathan Haas, pp. 37-58. New York, Plenum Press, 2001.

The Architecture of Arroyo Hondo Pueblo, New Mexico. Santa Fe: School of American Research Press. (1993)

Stress and Warfare Among the Kayenta Anasazi of the Thirteenth Century A.D. Fieldiana n.s. 21. (1993) (with J. Haas)


Canadian Broadcasting (CBC) Science Program Quirks and Quarks interview with Winifred Creamer: www.cbc.ca/quirks/ or as a podcast at www.cbc.ca/podcasting/

NPR Dekalb radio interview: www.northernpublicradio.org/.../new-study-culture-cant-thrive-fish-alone

BBC online article featuring Jonathan Haas: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-21573875

NPR food blog: http://www.npr.org/blogs/thesalt/2013/02/25/172896292/to-build-an-empire-hold-the-anchovies

Popular Archaeology:http://popular-archaeology.com/issue/december-2012/article/maize-was-a-key-to-the-rise-of-early-civilization-in-peru-say-researchers

Article in El Comercio, largest newspaper in Peru, featuring colleague Luis Huaman:http://elcomercio.pe/gastronomia/1542628/noticia-hace000-anos-ya-se-cultivaba-consumia-maiz-peru-confirman-investigadores

Science Daily: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/02/130225153124.htm?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed:+sciencedaily+%28ScienceDaily:+Latest+Science+News%29