Research in the Families and Development in Context Lab is focused on understanding how family processes and contextual factors influence the development of psychopathology and competence in children and adolescents. The following lists studies that are ongoing or done previously in the lab.
The purpose of the ethnic socialization project is to explore the role parents, particularly in ethnic minority families, take in socializing their adolescent children to experience issues related to their race or ethnicity (e.g. discrimination). Specifically, we are interested in examining the association between perceived discrimination and psychological outcomes and the role ethnic socialization plays in this relationship. We are also interested in a number of other factors that may influence this relationship: ethnic identity, attributional and coping styles, parent-child relationships, including parental warmth, acceptance, and parent-adolescent open communication, and same-ethnicity peer relationships. Data collection gathering retrospective reports from college students is planned for the 2014 year. Future studies will use knowledge gained from this study to examine similar questions with adolescent samples.
Grandparent Study (ongoing)
The purpose of this study is to examine how parents and grandparents may influence various aspects of college students' lives. Specifically, we are interested in learning more about young adults' experiences of living with a grandparent and how these experiences have influenced college students' transition from adolescence to young adulthood. There are two parts of this study. First, we have questionnaires asking about college students’ relationships and experiences with all grandparents. Second, for those who have ever lived with a grandparent (even for just a few months) we ask that they participate in a qualitative interview along with the questionnaire, as we are interested in learning more about this experience.
Past Research Projects
Welfare, Children, and Families: A Three-City Study
Prior to coming to NIU, Dr. Pittman was a Research Associate on this study working primarily working with Dr. P. Lindsay Chase-Lansdale. The purpose of the study was to examine the impact of the welfare reforms that took place in the late 1990s on children’s psychological and academic functioning, sampling low-income families in Boston, Chicago, and San Antonio. While the policy focus is less relevant today, Dr. Pittman continues to utilize the data from the three waves of data collection to consider risk and resilience among low-income children and adolescents. Several of her papers looking at the influence of living with grandmothers (both as custodial grandmothers and in multigenerational households) have utilized this data set. Students are welcome to do secondary data analyses with this data with Dr. Pittman’s support. See http://web.jhu.edu/threecitystudy/ for more details of this study.
Friends, Family, and Me Study
In my first years at NIU, I was interested in exploring how parent-child relationships, friendships with students from home and college, as well as a sense of school belonging at college may influence the functioning of first year college students. The study relied on self-report and followed students across their first years at college.
Parenting & School Readiness Among Low-Income Children
This study utilized self-report data from Welfare, Children, and Families: A Three-City Study (see above) and videotaped interactions between mothers and their children to explore how two specific aspects of parenting, warmth and cognitive stimulation, may foster different aspects of school-readiness over time among a sample of low-income preschoolers. School readiness was assessed considering early academic achievement; socioemotional functioning, and self-regulation.
The Chance to Succeed Study
The Chance to Succeed Study (CTSS) examined disadvantaged students as they entered college. While the longitudinal portion of this study was underfunded and led to a poor response rate, cross sectional analyses may still be helpful in examining what factors may lead to students pursuing higher education and doing well at college. Data was collected on family, peer, and school factors that may help students adjust to college (e.g., academic outcomes, feelings of self-worth and competence, psychological symptoms). In addition, because the majority of these students are from ethnic backgrounds, data was also collected on their ethnic identity and socialization as well as their sense of family obligation.
Grandparent Study 2010
As a precursor to the current grandparent study, exploratory data was collected to consider a wider sample of families (i..e, not just low-income families) to consider how and when the grandparent relationship may be influential to adolescent functioning. This study has focused on college students, while future studies will start to consider younger ages.
Thus, this study is designed to explore how the relationship between young adults and their grandparents, both currently and while they were growing up, may influence their current psychological and academic functioning.